Asthma is a chronic disease that develops due to increased sensitivity of the airways. It is characterized by recurrent coughing and wheezing. Both large and small airways can be affected in asthma. Although asthma can occur at any age, 30% of cases occur in the first year of life. As with all allergic diseases, the incidence of asthma has increased in recent years. Living indoors, exposure to indoor allergens such as house dust and mites are held responsible for the increase in the frequency of the disease.
In asthma, attacks in the form of narrowing of the airways and attacks are typical. In asthmatic patients, there is non-microbial inflammation in the bronchi. As a result, secretions increase in the bronchi, the bronchial wall contracts and the patient experiences an asthma attack. Dust, smoke, odor, pollen can initiate an attack. Asthma may be due to allergy or it may develop independently of allergy.
Allergic asthma, which is more common in women, manifests itself especially in spring. Allergic asthma is often accompanied by allergic rhinitis. Allergic asthma is a type of asthma that develops due to allergic factors.