Sleep apnea syndrome is a disease that manifests itself with obstruction that develops as a result of the inability to keep the airways open during sleep. In patients with sleep apnea syndrome, the relaxation in the respiratory muscles becomes more pronounced during sleep than in healthy people, and the airways cannot be kept open enough. As a result of this; breathing becomes difficult, oxygen uptake to the tissues is insufficient as a result of the decrease in the oxygen level in the blood, oxygen deficiency causes the patient to wake up, and this level returns to normal only after the patient wakes up. Fluctuations in blood oxygen levels are characteristic of the disease. This condition is called obstructive sleep apnea syndrome in medicine.
At the end of this process, which occurs in sleep apnea, some harmful substances are released in the body, causing damage to the vascular wall and may play a role in the formation of many diseases (hypertension, heart attack, diabetes, hyperlipidemia, obesity).