In the womb, a single cell consisting of half a cell from our father and mother turns into a human at birth with billions of different cells that reproduce and change from that single cell. Here, roughly, stem cell refers to that single cell that can turn into any cell. Stem cells are found as unchanged mother cells in many different tissues in the human body, and when necessary, they can transform into almost every cell of the body and provide repair, rejuvenation and regeneration.
The superiority of stem cell therapy to all other treatments is that it has very few side effects, even almost no permanent side effects, since it does not contain any external drugs or substances.
Stem cells do not cause allergies.
How Does Stem Cell Therapy Work?
Some cells (thrombocytes) circulating in the blood break down when they go out of the vein, causing an alarming effect in the body and starting the healing cycle. Stem cells, which are stimulated as a result of the alarm and found in many tissues, take action and transform into normal tissue suitable for their own genetics and provide healing. Stem cell therapy is applied based on this cycle. Either the stimulating cells in the blood or the repairing stem cells are obtained alive from the body and applied to the diseased area. The body's own healing mechanism is triggered and healing begins.
What Does Stem Cell Do?
Stem cells repair hard-to-repair tissues, tighten and rejuvenate old tissues, increase blood flow by forming new vessels, and increase the healing rate of tissues.
Where and How is Stem Cell Obtained, How Is It Applied?
Stem cell source can be any tissue, but 3 main stem cell sources are used in orthopedic treatment. A tube of blood to be taken from your arm is the easiest and most frequently used source, but the amount of stem cells here is less and contains more stimulating cells.
The second source is bone marrow. Since it contains much more stem cells than blood, it is a better source, and if it needs to be taken under operating room conditions, it needs to be used in more advanced situations. The third and most concentrated source of stem cells is fat cells. Again, it is taken and used in the operating room.
Stem cells are obtained and used in two ways. In the direct application method, the material (blood, bone marrow, fat, etc.) taken from the patient is separated and cells are obtained and activated. The important point when preparing stem cells is that the cells are obtained live. Special kits are used to achieve this. The stem cells obtained are applied to the diseased area in the form of needles.
Replication and forwarding is the second method. In some cases, the cells obtained are reproduced in special laboratory environments and more tissue is obtained. The cells reproduced in these laboratories can be transformed into certain tissues and applied to the patient. This process can take up to 2 weeks depending on the cell to be obtained. The tissues obtained in this way are applied in the operating room environment.