The operations performed to correct the changes caused by skin aging around the eyes are called eyelid aesthetics or blepharoplasty.
As we age, skin tension decreases and stretches, the muscles under the skin weaken, and especially with the effect of sun rays on the skin, spots called pigmentation occur. Since the skin around our eyes is thinner and more sensitive than other parts of the body, the effects of aging are primarily observed around the eyes.
Different surgical interventions can be performed on the lower and upper eyelids to correct these problems observed in both the upper and lower eyelids.
Upper Eyelid Aesthetics – Upper Blepharoplasty
The most common problem observed in the upper eyelids as age progresses is excess skin. Thinning, elongation and sagging of the skin primarily cause a tired and sad expression, while the progression of the problem over time can negatively affect vision.
In upper eyelid aesthetic surgery, besides the excess skin on the eyelid, a small amount of subcutaneous muscle and or fat tissue can be removed when necessary, and vision problems due to the curtain effect created by the excess skin can be corrected as well as the effects of aging.
Lower Eyelid Aesthetics – Lower Blepharoplasty
Loosening and sagging of the skin and subcutaneous tissues under the eyes cause wrinkles in this area and eye bags over time. In lower eyelid aesthetic surgery, excess skin in this area is removed, while excess fat tissues in the bagging areas are partially removed or spread towards areas with fat tissue loss.
It is also possible to correct the laxity of the lower eyelid during this surgery, which provides a very effective rejuvenation around the eye, or to give a different appearance to the eye by changing the location of the external angle of the eye.
In some patients, only upper or lower eyelid surgery is planned, while in a significant part of the patients, both the upper and lower eyelids are intervened at the same time.
How is Eyelid Aesthetics Performed?
Although it is possible to perform the procedure under local anesthesia or a sedative anesthesia application called sedation in patients who will only be operated on the upper eyelids, it is usually general anesthesia since most patients undergo lower eyelid surgery or operations such as eyebrow lifting, face lift, fat injection at the same time. is preferred.
Although incisions for the upper eyelids are always made on the skin, it is possible to perform the lower eyelid surgery from the inside of the eyelid (transconjunctival) without making an external incision in patients who do not have significant eyelid loosening and who have mild bagging.
All patients who are planned for eyelid aesthetics should be evaluated in detail by an ophthalmologist in terms of eyelid and tear functions, as well as vision, before surgery.