It is the surgical treatment of a person's blood vessels. Usually, this type of surgery is used to prevent heart attacks and strokes in people with arteries clogged with arterial plaques. Sometimes vascular surgery treatments are also used to prevent a person from losing their limb to amputation when they have circulation problems. A vascular surgeon can also treat varicose veins and aneurysms using a variety of vascular surgical techniques.
Usually, vascular surgical treatments focus on improving blood flow in a patient with atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis is a condition in which plaque builds up in a patient's arteries. Over time, this causes them to narrow and reduces blood flow. This is a serious problem because it can cause coronary artery disease, heart attack, carotid artery disease, or stroke.
Vascular surgery can also be used to treat peripheral arterial disease marked by narrowing of the arteries in the limbs. When a person has this condition, they may be more prone to injury as they are less sensitive to temperature extremes. For example, a person with this condition is more likely to suffer from burns due to reduced sensitivity to heat. In severe cases, a patient may even develop gangrene and require an amputation due to this condition. Vascular surgeons try to increase blood flow to the limbs to avoid these problems.
Generally, vascular surgeries are also used in the treatment of varicose veins. Varicose veins, which often affect a person's leg veins, are marked by vein swelling and pain. Vein stripping is a type of vascular surgery that can be used on varicose veins. This type of vascular surgery involves removing damaged vessels from the patient's body. Although vein stripping is an effective treatment, patients can also try non-surgical alternatives for this condition.
Surgeons may also recommend vascular surgery for the treatment of brain aneurysms, which are bulging in a blood vessel in a person's brain. Vascular surgery for a brain aneurysm typically involves stopping blood flow to it. To achieve this, a surgeon may place a metal clip at the base of the aneurysm. Sometimes, however, surgeons use a less invasive procedure called an endovascular wrap to thread a thin tube called a catheter from the lower body to the protrusion. Surgeons then thread the thread sinker through the catheter and through the lug; The coils cause clotting that blocks the flow of blood into the aneurysm.